Principles and Values

These are the “guiding principles” or values of importance to the team in both research and knowledge translation and exchange (KTE). They arise from PreVAiL meetings and discussions and are presented here to both provide context for PreVAiL’s own internal processes (e.g., research priority-setting), but also as a public statement of our values in conducting our work.

Guiding Principles & Values in Conducting PreVAiL Research and KTE

  1. In general, PreVAiL Research will be planned and conducted to:
    • account for the gendered nature of violence, including employing methods in gender and sex-based analysis (GSBA)
    • approach primary prevention in terms of causal relationships (e.g., risk factors by type of exposure, resiliency and mechanisms), which allows fine tuning of interventions
    • evaluate universal and targeted approaches to prevention
    • emphasize, in addition to individually-oriented and/or risk-based approaches, identifying and intervening with at-risk communities
    • move toward different ways of evaluating (as some evidence is excluded when the bar is set too high) as well as different ways of intervening (e.g., ecological models)
    • deconstruct broad interventions, and develop mechanisms that assess how interventions create a process of change, to understand who benefits and why (don’t assume there will be a universal response)
    • identify those who are at risk for perpetrating violence but who do not commit these acts – this can inform primary prevention interventions
    • collect prospective data (beyond baseline) on short and long-term impacts of violence on physical health – such as cardiovascular health and metabolic syndromes – as well as mental health, as this can better inform intervention development
    • take care when considering the primary outcomes for violence interventions, including judicious use of official versus self-report measures
  2. All PreVAiL research will be planned and conducted with partners, according to an integrated KTE model, so as to iteratively determine policy and practice implications, plan and develop recommendations and KTE strategies for our target audiences, and assess these as they are conducted.
  3. There is a strong commitment to developing and/or adapting “best evidence” for interventions in low and middle income countries. As research in high income countries becomes available, PreVAiL will endeavour to develop examples of good practice and “models of action” for countries where there are few or no formal services